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  • Writer's pictureRick Millard

Unveiling History: The Oldest Business Sign in the World

Updated: Jul 17, 2023

Signs have been an integral part of commerce since ancient times, acting as visual beacons to attract customers and establish brand presence. In this blog post, we embark on a journey back in time to discover the oldest business sign in the world. From its ancient origins to its enduring legacy, this remarkable artifact showcases the significance of visual communication throughout human history. Join us as we unveil the captivating story of this venerable sign and explore the role it played in shaping the commercial landscape of the past.

A Glimpse into Antiquity:

The world's oldest business sign hails from a bygone era, dating back thousands of years. Carved in stone or crafted from durable materials, these signs have withstood the test of time and offer a glimpse into the bustling marketplaces of ancient civilizations. From the ancient markets of Rome to the bustling bazaars of Mesopotamia, these signs served as early forms of advertising and branding, distinguishing one merchant from another.

Mesopotamian Cuneiform Tablets:

One of the earliest examples of business signs can be found in ancient Mesopotamia, in the form of cuneiform tablets. These clay tablets, dating back to around 2000 BCE, contained inscriptions that served as commercial messages. Merchants would display these tablets outside their shops, featuring details about their goods and services. These early signs were a precursor to modern-day storefront signage and represented a significant development in early marketing techniques.

Roman Signage:

In the Roman Empire, business signs played a vital role in commercial establishments. The Romans were known for their elaborate and eye-catching signs that adorned the facades of shops and taverns. These signs were often made from terracotta or stone and featured symbols or imagery related to the nature of the business. For example, a wine shop might display a sign depicting a cluster of grapes. The legacy of Roman signage can still be seen today in the form of architectural remnants and ancient artifacts.

Medieval Guild Signs:

During the Middle Ages, guild signs became prominent in European cities. These signs served as markers for various trade guilds, identifying their respective workshops and indicating the type of crafts practiced within. The guild signs often showcased intricate craftsmanship and were rich in symbolism, representing the skills and expertise of the craftsmen. These signs not only served as advertisements but also denoted the authority and reputation of the guild.

Legacy and Preservation:

Preserving the oldest business signs is an ongoing challenge due to the passage of time and natural decay. However, through archaeological discoveries and diligent preservation efforts, glimpses of these ancient signs continue to be unearthed and studied. Museums, historical societies, and cultural institutions play a crucial role in safeguarding these artifacts, allowing us to connect with our commercial heritage and appreciate the ingenuity of our ancestors.

The oldest business sign in the world offers a fascinating window into the history of commerce and the evolution of advertising. From ancient cuneiform tablets to Roman signs and medieval guild emblems, these early forms of signage reflect the human desire to communicate and establish commercial identities. As we explore the rich tapestry of ancient signs, we gain a deeper appreciation for the role visual communication has played in shaping our commercial landscape throughout millennia. These enduring symbols stand as a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of our ancestors, reminding us that even in the distant past, the power of a well-crafted sign was recognized and utilized.


1. Nakamura, Tadanori. "The World's Oldest Signs." Advertising and Society Review, vol. 15, no. 2, 2015, pp. 1-17.

2. gallivance. Rothenburg’s Medieval High Street: Shop Signs As Street Art.

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